Steve Happ Photography Ramblings and dissertations

April 25, 2012

Ragunan Birding – Jakarta

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , — steve_happ @ 12:40 pm

Ragunan Zoo, Jakarta.

Ragunan Zoo is about an hour north from the centre of Jakarta. I caught one of the TransJakarta buses from Jalan Thamrin and had to change at Duku Atas. When I got there it was already open, so I could have got there a bit earlier.

Javan Pond Heron
Javan Pond Heron (Ardeola speciosa)

I wandered around looking for birds in the trees and pretty did not have any idea where I was. I did manage to find some Javan Pond Herons that were in the trees above the orangutan pit. Their Indonesian name is Blekok Sawah.

Javan Myna
Javan Myna (Acridotheres javanicus)

Another Myna, this time the Javan Myna , whose Indonesian name is Kerak Kerbau. There were a bunch of Common Myna as well.

yellow-vented bulbul
Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier)

I had not seen any Yellow-vented Bulbuls for a while so it was a pleasant surprise to see a few. They are always so photogenic. They love showing off their mohawks. There were a few Sooty-headed Bulbuls around as well but their photos were not so good. Their Indonesian name is Merbah Cerukcuk.

Pacific Swallow
Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica )

There were a pair of pacific swallows resting in the elephant enclosure. Their Indonesian name is Layang-layang Batu .

Plantain squirrel
Plantain squirrel (Callosciurus notatus)

I had been trying to get a photo of one of these squirrels for ages. They just flit around so quickly, they never stop still. Plus they are always in the foliage where it is dark and all the leaves get in the way of trying to focus on them.

Javan Pond-heron
Javan Pond Heron

This javan pond heron just flew into this tree. I have no idea what he was doing but the camouflage is excellent.

Water monitor
Water Monitor

This small Water Monitor was in the crocodiles enclosure. I could not see any crocodiles so I guess he was pretty safe. I also saw a Pied Fantail but was not quick enough to get a photo of him. doh! On the way back I fell asleep on the bus I was so tired. The electricity went off for a couple of hours this afternoon and it was so hot.

April 24, 2012

Jakarta day 2

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , — steve_happ @ 6:13 am

Taman Monas Hari Dua

This morning I got up early to get to Taman Monas. I was beated there by about four million Jakartans intent on jogging around the monument. There were Tai Chi Groups and all sorts of exercise groups parading around in their nice uniforms.

big nectar sucking fly
black nectar eater

I have seen these big black fly looking things a fair bit. I have no idea what they are.

Olive-backed Sunbird
Plain-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis)

The Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes malacensis), also known as the Plain-throated Sunbird, is a species of bird in the Nectariniidae family. It is found in a wide range of semi-open habitats in south-east Asia

Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker
Scarlet-headed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum trochileum ) – Juvenile

The Indonesian name for Golden-bellied Gerygone is Remetek Laut.

Golden-bellied Gerygone
Golden-bellied Gerygone (Gerygone sulphurea)

I need to have another look at this next one. It could very well be a Metallic Starling or something else again. “The Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis) is a species of starling in the Sturnidae family. It is found in Bangladesh, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests. ” – wiki.

short-tailed starling
Asian Glossy Starling (Aplonis panayensis)

Common Myna (Adicotheres tristis. Its Indonesian name is Jalak.

Common Myna
Common Myna (Acidotheres tristis

Coppersmith Barbet
Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala)

This is the Javan sub-species, Coppersmith Barbet (Megalaima haemacephala). Javan sub-species. Note the whiskers to draw the insects into the beak.

I saw a photo of one of these yesterday but cannot find it again. I am mystified by this one now. Update: Asian Pied Starling (Sturnus contra), thanks once again to Khaleb Yordan. The species has been included in the genus Sturnus and Sturnopastor in the past but recent studies do not support its inclusion within Sturnus leading to the reinstatement of an older genus name Gracupica.

Asian Pied Starling (Sturnus contra)

Resources for Jakarta birds

Birds of Jakarta Photos

Birds of Jakarta blog

April 20, 2012

Gede Pangrango National Park

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , — steve_happ @ 1:48 pm

Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango

Yesterday I caught the bus from Pangandaran to Bandung. It was an Air-conditioned bus so it was not too bad. Then I jumped on a bus to Jakarta when we arrived at some intersection. This one was a slow one however and there was a lot of traffic and breakdowns going over the mountains so it was very slow.

Id needed
in flight

This morning I set off up the mountain to walk to the waterfall and hopefully photograph some birds. There were quite a few after some time but it was very dark and I had lots of trouble getting any decent shots. The Trilling Shrike-babbler is endemic to Java. (Thanks to Mike Nelson from Birdtour ASIA for fixing my mistake.)

Javan White-eye Trilling Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius aenobarbus)

I just happened to catch a mob of minivets hopping around a few trees near the track.

Scarlet Minivet
Scarlet Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus siebersi)

I stopped off at Telaga Biru (Blue Lake) which was along the track. It was not really a lake just a big pond with blue coloured water. There were a few butterflies along the track but not that many.


I finally made it up to the waterfall ( Air Terjun Cibereum). The water was pouring over quite strongly so there must have been lots of water coming off the mountain. The trail up to the top of Mount Gede and Pangrango kept going past the waterfall. I think I only went about a third of the way up the mountain. That was enough for me.

waterfall at mt gede

black-winged flycatcher-shrike
black-winged flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus) eating a grub

On the way back down I spotted this bird eating this grub and then saw some Black Monkeys cavorting around in the trees.

Nearly down the bottom and I spied some ladies collecting nuts from the forest and just above them was this little bird. The ladies said that it had a nest just near them.

indigo flycatcher
indigo flycatcher (Eumyias indigo)

I got some photos of the Sunda Forktail (Enicurus velatus) bu they were a bit dark so I did not post them.

Tomorrow I am going around the Botanic Gardens, Kebun Raya Cibodas. I hope there are a few birds in there. There should be a bit more light at least than in the jungle.

Gede Resources
Photos by Tobi Koppejan

April 15, 2012

Solo Steam Train

Filed under: General — Tags: , — steve_happ @ 2:49 am

Surakata, Central Java

I could not believe my luck. Today I had a ride on a steam train in Solo. I was just sitting by the side of the road near the night market when I heard this hooting going on and this steam train came sliding by. I followed it down the road a whiles to where it had stopped.

solo steam train
The steam train

I took a few photos of it and the statue of General Slamet Rhiyadi.

general slamet riyadi
General Slamet Rhiyadi

This carving was on the monument to the general.

generals planning merdeka
The generals planning freedom from the dutch

Later on, this guy asked me if I spoke English. I very warily said yes and he told me that he was from the tourist office and had organised this steam train ride and if I wanted to I could hop aboard and have a ride. Of course I said yes and when everyone had got on, off it went, complete with whistle and billowing smoke from the chimney. thing. whatever it is called.

Smoke stack

After a while I just starting having the most fun, leaning out from the steps taking photos and waving to all the people as we went by. It was infectious. It must have something to do with steam trains, they must bring out the big kid in people.

steam train
Riding on the steam train

Anyway, we arrived at the end station and the tourist office guy offered to give me a lift in his car back to the original stop and when it started raining he dropped me off at a warung to have some dinner. What an afternoon. I thoroughly enjoyed it. Totally unexpected. I love when things like that happen.

Waving to the folks on the train

April 13, 2012

Taman Nasional Baluran

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , — steve_happ @ 12:11 pm

Bama Beach, East Java

Bama Beach is just fantastic. They have a cafeteria here that serves the best food. And the accommodation is great. You have the sea, the jungle and the savannah. Late in the afternoon I went for a walk along the beach but did not see any birds. Only heaps of monkeys playing around and fighting each other. I think they are Long-tailed Macacas. There was a walkway along the mangroves. The roots of the mangroves were unbelievably twisted. There is also a birdwatching track but I saw about one bird along it. I came back and just walked along the road towards Bekol. I spotted a couple of crows and about four Green Pea-fowl sitting high up in a Gebung tree.

Crimson-winged Woodpecker
Pelatuk Sayap-merah, Crimson-winged Woodpecker (Picus puniceus)

The next morning I was up nice and early and walked along the track towards Bekol. I heard this pecking noise and looked around and found this woodpecker.

Crimson-winged Woodpecker
Crimson-winged Woodpecker

I got heaps of shots of the Crimson-winged Woodpecker because I was making sure I had lots to choose from. Its Indonesian name is Pelatuk Sayap-merah.

Green Pea-fowl
Green Pea-fowls

The Green Pea-fowls were up in the same tree again. I quite like the look of them silhoutted against the sky like this.

Green Pea-fowl
Green Pea-fowl

I am not sure what this is. I think I heard something about what it might be but I forgot. doh! Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus).

ID needed
Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus)

Again, not sure what this is. doh! It may be a Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia).

ID needed
Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia) ??

Crested Serpent Eagle
Crested Serpent Eagle

This Crested Serpent Eagle was on the road just before the camp and flew off into a tree. I put this shot in to see what they look like roosting. On the road out I did manage to see a Zebra Dove but I had my camera all packed away and I was on the back of a bike. I had also seen numerous Pied Oriental Hornbills but could not get a photo of them.

Common Animals of Baluran National Park

Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Banteng (Bos javanicus)
Green Pea-fowl (Pavo muticus)
Zebra Dove (Geopelia striata )
Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela)
Deer (Cervus timorensis)
Dhole (Cuon alpinis)
Jungle Fowl
Black Monkey (Tracypitecus auratus)
Long-tailed Macaca (Macaca fascicularis)
Water Monitor (Varanus salvator)
Javan Wart-hog (Sus verrucosus)

Baluran National Park

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , — steve_happ @ 11:17 am

Bekol, East Java

It is not that hard to get to Baluran National Park as I was led to believe. You just catch the Surabaya bus from Banyuwangi to the gates of the National Park. Hire an ojek to get you to Bekol where you can stay in the guest houses there.

Crested Serpent Eagle
Crested Serpent Eagle (Spilornis cheela)

As soon as I got there I got out the camera and went for a walk along the road. Not long after and this Crested Serpent Eagle came soaring over me. I almost fell over with surprise. It was glorious.

Rusa Deer (Cervus timorensis )

I am not sure of the proper name of this deer but at least I got the scientific name right. This were hanging around near a water-hole.

Pacific Swallow
Pacific Swallow (Hirundo tahitica)

Lots of Pacific Swallow were flying about then they would alight on a stick and just hang around for a while waiting for a photographer to come along and take their photo.

Scaly-breasted Munia
Scaly-breasted Munia (Lonchura punctulata)

And of course the ever-present Scaly-breasted Munia. I have seen them just about everywhere I have been so far in Indonesia.

Black Monkey
Black Monkey (Tracypitecus auratus)

Late in the afternoon I went for a walk along the road back to the highway. I disturbed this mob of monkeys who fled up into the highest trees. This one looks like someone you might know.

Small Blue Kingfisher (Alcedo coerulescens)

I cannot tell which kingfisher this one is but it was the brightest blue. Small Blue Kingfisher or Cerulean Kingfisher.

Jungle Fowl
Green Jungle Fowl (Gallus varius)

There were heaps of Jungle Fowl along the roads but it was difficult to get close to them.


Yellow-vented Bulbul
Sooty-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster)

I cannot resist taking photos of Sooty-headed Bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster) . They are everywhere but they seem to be doing the most interesting things.

Javan Wart-hog
Javan Wart-hog (Sus verrucosus)

A couple of Javan Wart-hogs were kept in a pen at the Bekol camp. The light was so low but I really like the dark photo. It seems to go with their look.

Green Pea-fowl
Green Pea-fowl ( Pavo muticus)

I saw about three pairs of Green Pea-fowl. They would not let you get close and would fly away as soon as you get a little bit too close.

Green Pea-fowl and Green Junglefowl
Green Pea-fowl and Jungle Fowl

These pair were on the road this morning. I tried creeping up on them but this is as close as I could get.

Green Jungle Fowl
Green Junglefowl

Flame-fronted Barbet
Flame-fronted Barbet (Megalaima armillaris)

I caught up with just one Flame-fronted Barbet this morning.

Java Sparrow
Javan Sparrow

I was told that there might be some Javan Sparrows about two kilometers down the road and sure enough, there it was. It is not a great shot, but at least it is a record. Well that was it for Bekol. I got a lift with one of the people at the camp to Bama Beach, which is just three kilometers further along. There is a guest house by the sea, and it is just like a tropical resort.


Photos by Pat Marklevitz.
Birds of Baluran.

December 9, 2009

Central Java Bird Watching

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , , — steve_happ @ 10:24 pm

Central Java Bird Watching Locations


Budget hotels are found in the Pasar Kembang district near the train station. Try Delta Homestay, Losmen Anda or Gandhi Losmen.


Parangtritis is a beach on the southern Java coast. It is very popular on Sundays and holidays. To get there, take a bus from Yogya to Wonosari, then hire ojek or colt. Stay at Yenny Homestay or Widodo. For birding try around the beaches or inland a bit around the swimming pools or hot springs. To the east of Parangtritis are more isolated beaches such as Baron, Kukup and Krakal, not far from Kemadang.

Dieng Plateau

There are small losmen (Losmen Bu Djono) on the plateau itself or you can stay at Wonosobo at places like Nirwana. Try the lakes on the plateau for water birds. But, some say the birding is dismal here.

Gunung Merapi

Kaliurang is 25km north of yogyakarta. There is a forest park(Hutan Wisata Kaliurang) on the slopes of Mount Merapi.
Stay at Vogels Hostel or Hotel Satriafi.


See birds like the Coppersmith Barbet, Javan Kingfisher, Grey-capped Woodpecker and Olive-backed Tailorbird near the river for instance. Stay at Hotel Sari.


There are several losmen in the village of Borobudur. Lotus Guest House.


Tawangmanu is a hill resort at 1200m on the west slopes of Mount Sewu. Try the Grojogan Sewu Waterfall walk, or the hike to Candi Sukuh. You can rent a horse. Stay at Tejo Moyo or Wisma Yanti.


Stay at Asia Hotel or Cordova.


Be sure to see the Moluccan Kestrel or Spotted Kestrel here. I have seen lots of photos of them from here. Make sure to go to Tanjung Emas to see the Pinisi schooners(drool). Stay at Losmen Purnama or Raden Patah Hotel.
Try the Taman Budaya Raden Saleh, Gunung Ungaran or around Batealit for birding.


A chain of 27 islands off Semarang. You can fly in or catch a ferry from Jepara. Check in Jepara or Semarang at KSDA to see if you need a permit to visit (because it is a Marine National Park).
There are reported to be about 40 kinds of birds like Ducula aenea, Haliaeetus leucogaster , Pycnonotus goiavier, Psittacula alexandri, Eretmochelys imbricata, Chelonia mydas.
There are a number of homestays at Karimunjawa village such as Wisma Wisata.


Stay at Menno Jaya. Get ferry to Karimunjawa.

North Coast

Try towns like Pati (Merdeka Hotel), Rembang (Losmen Perdana), Tegal (Hotel Semeru), Pekalongan (Hotel Damai).


Catch the boat to Pangandaran from here. Have a look at Teluk Penyu (Turtle Bay) for bird watching, about a 15 minute walk to east of town. Also you could get a ferry from Sleko pier to Nusa Kambangan, a nature reserve off the coast. Stay at Losmen Tiga or Losmen Sultana Adhi. The ferry to Kalipucang/Pangandaran goes from the Sleko Jetty on the western side of town.


The National Parks and Other Wild Places of Indonesia (National Parks of the World)

A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Bali: The Greater Sunda Islands

Photographic Guide to Birds of Java, Sumatra and Bali

Indonesia Handbook, 3rd (Footprint – Travel Guides)

September 29, 2009

East Java Bird Watching Spots

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , , — steve_happ @ 8:44 am

East Java Bird Watching Spots


This huge city is the hub of East Java. I really like it here. Stay at the Bamboe Denn, Jl. Kemambang Kali.

Looking at Java
East Java

Gunung Bromo
Mount Bromo and Java’s largest mountain, Gunung Semeru make up the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park. It is a well-known tourist resort and can get crowded with people who want to see the sun rise. You can stay at the Cafe Lava Hostel at Cemoro Lawang. To get there, take a mini-bus from Probolinggo. There is an endemic Russet Bush-warbler to be seen here. Other birds that may be seen here include Barred Cuckoo-dove, Sunda Bush-warbler or Mountain White-eye.

Crested Serpent Eagle
Crested Serpent Eagle

Purwodadi Waterfall. Kebun Raya Purwodadi is a couple of kilometres north of Lawang.

Baluran National Park
Baluran National Park

Baluran National Park.
Update: April, 2012. You can get the bus to the National Park entrance from either Banyuwangi or Surabaya. Entry cost is 20k. Cost for an ojek to Bekol is 30k. Bring food if staying at Bekol. You can cook your own. Bed is 30k per night. Bama Beach is 3k down the road. Room cost is 100k per night and there is a warung serving excellent meals. The birding here is fantastic. Highly recommended.
Balurn National Park Office – Jl Jenderal A Yani No108, Banyuwangi. Tel: +62 333 24119.
There is basic accommodation(three guest houses) at Bekol and Bama. You may have to bring your own food. A mini-bus can get you there from the ferry that comes from Bali. The park is in the north east of Java and the entrance to the Baluran National Park is in Wolerojo, where you get your permit at the headquarters. Birds to be seen here include Green Peafowl, Green Junglefowl, Grey-cheeked Fulvetta, Crested Goshawk, Mangrove Whistler, Greater Flameback.

You can use Banyuwangi as a base for the Ijen-Merapi-Maeleng Reserve. The Ijen caldera is about twenty kilometers wide. Whilst there, you may see such birds as the Javan Owlet, Rufous Woodcock, the endemic White-faced Partridge, Javan Bush-warbler, Orange-breasted Trogon and Sunda Minivet.
You can also stay at Pos Paltuding or Arabika Homestay at Sempol, 13k before Pos Paltuding.

Meru Betiri National Park
Travel from the city of Jember and book accommodation for the park at the office on Jalan Sriwijaya. The KSDA office on Jalan Jawa 36 can give you information on Pulau Sempu. From Jember you can also go to Puger Beach, Watu Ulo and Papuma Beach. Meru Betiri National Park is on the south coast of Java. From Jember, go to Rajekwesi, then Sukamade beach, and on to the the park. There is accommodation in the park, but you have to book in Jember and possibly bring your own food. Another possibility is the hotel Marco Utomo, in Kalibaru, and they have two guides. There are guesthouses in Sukamade and one in Bandealit. The park is reputed to be home to 180 species of birds such as White-faced Partridge, Green Peafowl, Javan Hawk-eagle, Black-banded Barbet, Javan Coucal, Rufous-bellied Eagle, Spotted Kestrel and the Java Sparrow. The Rhinoceros Hornbill can also be seen relatively easily there as well. Semeru Tours can offer more information on this area.

Meru Betiri National Park.
Get there from Jember -> Glenmore -> Jajag -> Pesanggaran(1pm truck) -> Sarongan -> Sukamade
Stay: Wisma Sukamade, or Mess Pantai.

Stay: Hotel Bandung Permai.
National Park Office – Meru Betiri National Park Office: Jl Sriwijaya 53, Jember 68121, East Java, Tel/Fax: +62 331 321530, E-mail:
Go to Watu Ulo and Papuma Beaches – 30km south of Jember via bus. At Watu Ulo stay at Hotel Vishnu.


Bamboe Denn, Jalan Arjuna No1, Malang.
Hotel Helios, Hotel Tosari.

Balekambang Beaches are 30km South of Malang, also Ngliyep and Sedangbiru. Go to Pulau Sempu from Sedangbiru. Places to stay from 10,000.

Purwodadi Botanical Gardens – Kebun Raya Purwodadi, Pasuruan. 20km North of Malang.

PPLH Seloliman
Take an ojek from Trawas, north-west of Malang. Located on the slopes of Gunung Penanggungan.

Raden Soerjo Forest Park
The Raden Soerjo Conservation Forest Park or Taman Hutan Raya, is located at Tulungrejo village(Cangar Tourist Object), near Batu, 38 kilometers north west of Malang. Stay at Batu, Hotel Sumber or Arumdalu. Or stay at Selekta. You can also climb the Arjuno-Welirang volcano if you want. It is still active and last erupted in 1952.

Pacitan is a southern seaside resort 120km south of Solo. Stay at Happy Day Beach Bungalows or any of the losmen on the beach.


The National Parks and Other Wild Places of Indonesia (National Parks of the World)

A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Bali: The Greater Sunda Islands

Photographic Guide to Birds of Java, Sumatra and Bali

September 28, 2009

West Java Bird Watching Spots

Filed under: Birds — Tags: , , — steve_happ @ 9:28 am

West Java Bird Watching


Pondok Bambu – East Jakarta, Taman Monas, Metro Marina Beach – North Jakarta, Marunda – North Jakara, Taman Impian Jaya Ancol – North Jakarta, Taman Wisata Angke – North Jakarta.
Stay in Jalan Jaksa area which is near Gambir Station. Examples of hotels could be Bloem Steen Homestay or Kresna Homestay.
Get here via Airport(get Damri bus to Gambir), Boat(Pelni Lines), Bus, Train.

Muara Angke Wetland Reserve
This reserve is in the north-western suburbs of Jakarta, close to the Muara Angke fish market. You need to get a permit to enter beforehand. There are marshy areas and pools. The boardwalk has been fixed up and is a good place to see the rare Sunda Coucal. Other birds there may include Black Bittern, Sunda Woodpecker, Chestnut-winged Cuckoo and the Small Blue Kingfisher. You can catch a bus here from the Gogol terminal and stop at the entrance to Pantai Indah Kapuk housing estate or Jalan Pluit Karang. Then walk to the reserve.

Pulau Rambut
You can take a small speed boat out to this island. On the way you may see White-bellied Sea-eagles or frigatebirds. On the island is an observation tower where you might see Black-crowned Night-heron, Purple Heron, egret or Black-naped Oriole.

Pamanukan shrimp ponds.
This spot is to the east of Jakarta. You may see White-headed Stilt, Javan Plover, Small Blue Kingfisher, Sacred Kingfisher, Plain Prinia, Pied Fantail or Javan White-eye.

Pulau Dua
At the wetlands close to Pulau Dua, have a look for Javan Plovers and other waders. This spot may be hard to find, so you might need a guide to help you out. You might spot some Sunda Teal, kingfishers, Streaked Weaver, Rainbow Bee-eater, Pied Fantail, or Golden-bellied Gerygone. To get there, from Jakarta go to Serang, then Sawah Luhur.
You can stay at park or hotel in Serang.

Look for the Banded Pitta behind the village. In the evening you may see the Javan Owlet. Most of the birding in Carita is done along a three kilometre track that goes to Gurug Gendang waterfall. You might get to see the White-breasted Babbler, Scaly-crowned Babbler, Grey-headed fish eagle, and minivets. You can stay at the Black Rhino hotel which is quite close to the birding areas in Carita, or Sunset View.

Ujung Kulon National Park
To get there, charter a boat from Labuan or travel by land from Labuan to Taman Jaya and then walk.
Stay: guest house on Peucang as well as Handeleum and Taman Jaya. You may have to hire a guide.
Good birdwatching spots at:
– Grazing grounds at Ciujungkulon and Chihadelum.
– canoe ride up the Cigenter River
– hike from Peucang to Cibunar on south coast.

Taking the train from Jakarta seems to be the best option. I have travelled by bus and got hopelessly lost. The Bogor Botanical Gardens are in the centre of town and you cannot miss them. They are quite close to Pensione Firmane on Jalan Palendang, where I stayed in the nineties. The Botanical Gardens open at 8am. You may see Orange-headed Thrushes, hanging parrots, Banded Bay Cuckoo, Black-naped Fruit-dove, kingfishers and herons.

Gunung Gede
The Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park is 41 kilometres south east from Bogor. Visit the Cibodas Botanical Garden to look for the Javan Scoop Owl, Pygmy Tits, Javan Hawk-eagles or Salvadori’s Nightjar. Have a look around the golf course as well. On Mount Gede, stay at Freddy’s Homestay. Walk up the track in the Gunung Gede National Park before the Air Panas hot springs, where you might see Sunda Thrush, Mountain Serin, Sunda Cuckoo-shrike, Horsfield’s Babbler or Spotted Crocias, for example.

Gunung Halimun
The Gunung Halimun National Park is south west from Bogor, near the village of Cipenteng/Kabandungan. Get your permits here and head towards the park to Citalahab, two kilometres from the visitors centre, where there are some cheap losmens. You are not allowed into the park without a guide, so hire one of the villagers to show you the way. You may get to see the endemic White-bellied Fantail or a Javan Hawk-eagle if you are lucky.

This is a very popular tourist resort on the south coast of Java. Avoid like the plague during Indonesian holidays. To get there, go from Bandung to Tasikmalaya, Banjar, then Pangandaran. In the National Park at the end of the peninsular you may see Black-banded Barbet, Blue-breasted Quail, Green Junglefowl, Oriental Pied-hornbill, Collared Kingfisher or Cream-vented Bulbul. You can get a ranger to guide you for about 50,000 Rupiah. The Boundary Trail is said to be the easiest trail through the park. You can hire becak, bicycle, motorbike, or car.
Stay: Adams Homestay, Bamboo House. At East Beach try Laguna Beach Bungalows. Most convenient to park is Pondok Pelang or Pondok Moris.
To the west of Pangandaran, try Batu Karas, Green Canyon, Parigi.
Segara Anakan is a large tidal lagoon close to Pangandaran, where you might find Sunda Coucal, Milky Stork or Lesser Adjutant. To get there, take a minibus from Pangandaran to Kalipucang. There is also a ferry from Kalipucang to Cilacap, which takes about four hours and goes along all the backwaters.

Stay at HOtel Arimbi, Wisma Asri, Hotel Citra, Hotel Guntur.
The Parahyangan Highlands is north of Bandung. Catch a bemo to the top of Tangkuban Prahu volcano, then catch a bemo to Ciater Hot Springs, Stop at Maribaya for the waterfalls and walk down through the forest to the Dago Tea House, Jalan Juanda.


The National Parks and Other Wild Places of Indonesia (National Parks of the World)

A Field Guide to the Birds of Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and Bali: The Greater Sunda Islands

Photographic Guide to Birds of Java, Sumatra and Bali

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